Русскоязычный заголовок: Баланс внешней торговли Федеративной Республики Бразилия (2009 г.)
Баланс зовнішньої торгівлі Федеративної Республіки Бразилія (2009 р.)(англ.)
Brazilian Trade Balance – Consolidated Data – 2009
In 2009, Brazilian foreign trade registered the figure of US$ 281 billion in its flow, a reduction by 24.3% over 2008, when US$ 371 billion were traded.
This decrease is a direct consequence of the international financial crisis, which led to a reduction on international prices of mineral and agricultural commodities and on the demand for goods.
Up to December, exports reached US$ 153.0 billion, and imports were US$ 127.6 billion. Considering 2008, exports decreased by 22.7% and imports by 26.2%. The trade surplus reached US$ 25.3 billion, a value 1.6% higher than the one registered in 2008, of US$ 25.0 billion, due to a lower reduction on exports than on imports.
Compared to 2008, the exports of basic goods decreased by 15.2%, and semi-manufactured goods and manufactured goods exports decreased, respectively, 24.3% and 27.3%. Despite of the reduction, industrialized goods represented over half (57.4%) of the exports composition in the period. It is worth to point out that exports grew by 4.7% on December when compared to December 2008, what indicates a tendency of recovering on Brazilian international sales.
In this comparison, manufactured products grew by 2.4%, semi-manufactured grew by 28.8% and basic goods decreased 0.2%.
In the imports side, the acquisitions of raw materials and industrial supplies and materials represented 46.8% of the total, and capital goods imports, 23.3%, showing strong correlation with productive investments.
Consumer goods represented 16.9% and fuel and oil, 13.1%.
In the period under analysis, the imports of fuel and oil decreased 46.8%, due to the fall on oil international prices, followed by the imports of raw materials and industrial supplies and materials (-28.1%), capital goods (-17.4%) and consumer goods (-4.5%).
Considering destination markets, focus on Asia. Sales increased 5.3%, placing the region in the first position of buyer for Brazilian products in 2009, surpassing the European Union and Latin America and The Caribbean.